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17th-18th Century Sections
MHO Home
 17th-18th Century Home

17th-18th Century Articles
Return of Rogers' Rangers
Betrayed by a Mason?
Benedict Arnold in Canada
The Success of Napoleon
Battle of Great Bridge
Frederick: Battle of Leuthen
G. Washington and J. Monroe
The Start: Jumonville's Glen
The Raid on Thurso, 1649
Why France Lost the Seven Years' War
The Battle of Cowpens
War Comes to the Islands
The Battle of Dunbar
Governor Kieft's Personal War
Philip's War
Zaporozhian Cossack Battle at Korsun

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17th-18th Century Articles
Member Article: Betrayed by a Mason? The Tragic Mission of Lieutenant Thomas Boyd
by Michael Karpovage

Moments before deploying on the longest military campaign of the Revolutionary War, Freemason Thomas Boyd was given a final ultimatum by his repeatedly spurned and pregnant lover. In front of his superior officers she warned Boyd, a lieutenant with Morgan’s Rifle Corps of the Continental Army, “If you go off without marrying me, I hope and pray to the great God of heaven that you will be tortured and cut to pieces by the savages.” An embarrassed Boyd, his pride tarnished, responded by drawing his sword and threatening to stab her unless she removed herself.[1] She acquiesced. Unfortunately for the young lieutenant, he should have heeded her ominous prediction for that was exactly the fate that befell him.
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Member Article: Benedict Arnold in Canada
by Roger Daene

The summer of 1775 began with the Americans laying siege to Boston. The Battle of Bunker Hill was a British victory, but the severe losses prevented them from being able to lift the siege. To the north, in the Hudson River Valley, a combined force under Captain Benedict Arnold and Colonel Ethan Allen of Vermont, had surprised the British garrison at Fort Ticonderoga. Following the capture of Ticonderoga, Arnold led a bold attack on the British fleet on Lake Champlain. He either captured or destroyed all the British ships there. He was soon to prove that these two earlier successes were just portents of future events.
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Member Article: The Success of Napoleon
by Richard Podruchny

On the European continent, no one would have imagined that the rise of the "Little Corsican" would have perpetuated a conquest that would involve the entire European continent. This article will take a look at how and why Napoleon Bonaparte was as successful on the battlefield as he was. We will also see how Napoleon efficiently utilized the weapons and technology on hand that would formulate his strategy and tactics, which would result in his domination of Western Europe.
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Member Article: The Battle of Great Bridge; A New Beginning for the Old Dominion
by Richard Podruchny

The Battle of Great Bridge, often referred to as the Second Battle of Bunker's Hill, should stand out as one the defining moments of the American Revolutionary War. Although this battle does not match the amount of troops or casualties found in other engagements, nevertheless, its overall impact can no longer be ignored. What elevates this particular battle is that numerous slaves fought alongside the British in exchange for freedom, which openly contradicts those Colonists preaching liberty, who owned slaves themselves.
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Member Article: Frederick the Great's Masterpiece: The Battle of Leuthen
by Birrion Sondahl

Frederick the Great has been described as the embodiment of "the utmost in military achievement that was possible in Europe in the conditions prevailing before the French revolution." [1] Of all of his battles, none shows Frederick's military abilities more than the Battle of Leuthen (December 5, 1757). His leadership before and throughout the battle show his capabilities as a military commander. The Battle of Leuthen can truly be considered to be Frederick's masterpiece.
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Member Article: George Washington and James Monroe - Military, Political, and Diplomatic Relations 1776-1799
by Steven Ippolito

The American Way of War: A History of United States Military History and Policy, by military historian Russell F. Weigley,[1] discusses both art and war. In a nineteenth century representation of a famous military operation of the American Revolution, Dr. Weigley references the dramatic instance in which George Washington and his troops have disembarked from McKonkey’s Ferry in New Jersey, on a nocturnal riverine journey to attack the Hessian[2] allies of the British, at Trenton, on Christmas Day, 1776. Completed in 1851, by Emanuel Leutze,[3] Washington Crossing the Delaware, places Washington at the head of a boat,[4] defiant against the frost of a winter night[5] as he leads the Continental Army across the Delaware.[6]
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Member Article: The Start: Jumonville's Glen and Fort Necessity
by Bruce L. Brager

George Washington once touched off a world war. He did not start the war. The powder was piling up, just waiting for a spark. However, by bad planning, by losing control of some of his men, by signing a document he did not understand, and by trying to cover up his errors -- behavior dramatically unlike that for which he became noted later in his life and career -- Washington jumped into a dangerous context and provided the spark that started a major explosion, a world war.
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Member Article: Last of the Redshanks: The Raid on Thurso, 1649
by Dr. Andrew McGregor

In the far north of Scotland the Highland mountains grow smaller, eventually leveling out into vast stretches of rolling countryside that end abruptly with rocky cliffs lurching out over the cold northern seas. Before the Celts arrived these lands were ruled by Norsemen, the powerful ‘Sea-Kings of Orkney'. The names of their settlements in Scotland's northeast county of Caithness reflected their beliefs, like the town of Thurso, named for the Norse god Thor.
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Member Article: The Battle of Cowpens
by Allen Parfitt

On August 16, 1780, Charles, 2nd Earl Cornwallis, got his campaign to recover the southern colonies for King George off to a very good start by routing an American army under the command of Major General Horatio Gates at Camden, South Carolina. Coming soon after the surrender of Charleston, South Carolina, and the capture there of 5000 American troops under General Benjamin Lincoln, the defeat at Camden was a severe blow to the rebel cause in the South. The only benefit the Americans received from the defeat at Camden was the eclipse of General Gates. Gates was a veteran of the British Army who combined very moderate military talent with considerable ambition, and a penchant for intrigue.
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Member Article: War Comes to the Islands
by Timothy Neeno

The enemy fleet was approaching. As dawn rose over the blue waters of the Caribbean, the captain could see the long lines of ships getting closer, their sails billowing. For months the fleet had sought a decisive battle. They had been tracking the enemy for days, pursuing them northward. Now the French had turned. The captain gave the order to beat to colors, and in a moment the deck was a bedlam of activity. Gun ports sprang open. Experienced hands wheeled heavy guns into position, while crewmen set cannonballs and casks of powder in place. Marines scrambled up into the rigging, taking positions high in the swaying masts to pick off officers and men on the opposing ships as they came in range. Men began pouring buckets of sand across decks that would soon be slippery and red with blood. It was 7:00 AM, April 12, 1782. The Battle of the Saintes had begun.
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Member Article: The Battle of Dunbar
by Steve Beck

The nine tumultuous years of the English Civil War, actually three separate wars, resulted from a range of factors, economic, constitutional and religious, all inextricably interwoven. At a time when religious differences were more often debated with cannon balls than words, radical leaders with strong held beliefs thought nothing of deciding the issues in battle. Charles I, attempting to rule as an absolute monarch, quickly came into conflict with the English Parliament, suspicious of his "Popery" and desire for absolute rule. Likewise, the Scots resented his attempts at reforming their Presbyterian system of religion, formulating the "National Covenant" in 1638 to resist his efforts. The English Parliament and the Scots, therefore, combined to defeat Charles in the first of the English Civil Wars. An attempt by Charles to regain power was crushed by Parliamentarian forces at Preston in August 1648 and he was put on trial for treason.
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Member Article: Governor Kieft's Personal War
by Walter Giersbach

Americans today know little about the Dutch influence in the New York region except for odd place names like Harlem, Yonkers and Spuyten Duyvil. Or, the tale of Rip Van Winkle. Or, the bargain in which Pieter Stuyvesant bought an entire island for $25 worth of trinkets. For a brief period, the Dutch managed one of the most democratic, tolerant and socially liberal settlements in the New World. In contrast, one of its governors, Willem Kieft, will forever be known as the spiteful tyrant of New Amsterdam. In the wake of his administration lay more than a thousand dead Indians—men, women and children.* Such was the viciousness of his warfare that a contemporary complained to authorities in Holland that the Indians were being decapitated and burned alive by Kieft's soldiers. "Young children, some of them snatched from their mothers, were cut in pieces before the eyes of their parents, and the pieces were thrown into the fire or into the water; other babes were bound on planks and then cut through, stabbed and miserably massacred so that it would break a heart of stone."
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Member Article: Philip's War: America's Most Devastating Conflict
by Walter Giersbach

King Philip's War (1675-76) is an event that has been largely ignored by the American public and popular historians. However, the almost two-year conflict between the colonists and the Native Americans in New England stands as perhaps the most devastating war in this country's history. One in ten soldiers on both sides were wounded or killed. At its height, hostilities threatened to push the recently arrived English colonists back to the coast. And, it took years for towns and urban centers to recover from the carnage and property damage.
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Member Article: The Zaporozhian Cossack Battle at Korsun
by Michael Meusz

In the mid 17th century unrest in the steppes of Ukraine was on the rise. The Polish-Lithuanian empire dominated an area from Warsaw to Moscow, and the Ukrainians were tired of their exploitation and abuse. At the little town of Korsun, virtually in the middle of nowhere, an army of Zaporozhian Cossacks supported by Crimean Tatars overwhelmed a Polish army sent to crush them, and started a revolutionary fire that would sweep across the steppes and make Ukraine a nation.
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Recommended Reading



Wellington: The Path to Victory 1769-1814


The Battle of Camden: A Documentary History


Cavalier Generals: King Charles I And His Commanders In The English Civil War 1642-46


The British Civil War : The Wars of the Three Kingdoms 1638-1660


Battles of the Revolutionary War


Fight for Freedom

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