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anemone
DONCASTER S. YORKS, UK
top 5
E-9 Cmd Sgt Major


Posts: 5939
http:// 82.44.47.99
Genocide in Rwanda-1994
Posted on: 11/8/2016 9:07:32 AM
In 100 days in 1994 approximately one million Tutsis and moderate Hutus were murdered in the genocide in Rwanda. The genocide took place following decades of tensions between Hutus and Tutsis, and a recent history of persecution and discrimination against Tutsis. On 6 April 1994 the plane carrying Rwanda’s President was shot down. Extremist Hutu leaders accused Tutsis of killing the President, and Hutu civilians were told by radio and word of mouth that it was their duty to wipe out the Tutsis.

Despite its colossal scale, this genocide was carried out almost entirely by hand, usually using machetes and clubs. The men who had been trained to massacre were members of civilian death squads, the Interahamwe. The State provided support and organisation – politicians, officials, intellectuals and professional soldiers incited the killers to do their work. Local officials assisted in rounding up victims and making suitable places available for slaughter

[Read More]

Regards

Jim
---------------
Pro Patria Saepe Pro Rege Semper

George
Centre Hastings, ON, Canada
top 5
E-9 Cmd Sgt Major
Posts: 5283

Re: Genocide in Rwanda-1994
Posted on: 11/8/2016 9:51:26 AM
The UN peacekeeping mission to Rwanda was a failure. Kofi Annan prepared a report in 1999 that acknowledged that fact.

The reasons cited:

Lack of political will. Especially from the 5 permanent members

Lack of resources: The UN mission consisted of men from several nations. Some were very poorly equipped upon arrival.


There is Canadian side bar story to the Rwanda massacres in that the mission was led by Lt. Gen. Romeo Dallaire, who was commanding a small group of men from different nations.


Dallaire has spent the rest of his life dealing with PTSD and the depression and alcoholism that went along with it.


For the most part, he and his lightly armed troops, restricted by the rules of engagement, could only create a safe zone around the air port.


The investigation revealed that Dallaire had begged the UN for more help.

He sent a cable to Kofi Annan on Jan. 11, 1994 warning that a genocide was imminent. Anna ignored the cable and did not share it with the Security Council.

Dallaire's intelligence work found:


Quote:
In early January 1994, Dallaire lucked into vital information that could change the course of his mission. A military trainer with the Interahamwe, the hard-line Hutu militia, had approached UNAMIR with details of a chilling plan. Weapons, said the man known as Jean-Pierre, were being stockpiled and training was under way for what would be a massive killing spree against the Tutsi. Lists of prominent Tutsis were being compiled to aid the Hutus in tracking them down.


Dallaire was not shy. He was a good soldier. He discovered where the arms cache of the Hutu's was and planned to seize. All set to go, he received a UN cable telling him no, that he must not do anything to provoke violence and aggression.



When all hell broke loose,10 Belgian soldiers of the mission were captured and executed and mutilated by Rwandan soldiers.. The Belgians have never forgiven Daillaire saying that he failed to protect his troops.

They fail to acknowledge that Dallaire was racing about in his jeep with a few soldiers, trying to find his men.




The Belgians were his best trained troops, real soldiers. The Bangladeshis arrived to the mission without equipment. No transport. No way to prepare food.

Often African nations arrived to UN peacekeeping missions in this state and they have to be equipped by someone else. They provide bodies.

But Belgium and Rwanda have a strained relationship as it was the Belgians who installed Tutsis in key government positions, making them enemies of the Hutus.


Dallaire has been criticized even at home for not violating the ROE and sending a larger force after his men.


The following is a newspaper article from the Ottawa citizen that neatly summarizes the chain of events that transpired in April of 1994, leading to the deaths of the Belgian soldiers.

[Read More]

It is a horrific story of the world just not caring. The response in the Balkans was large and the world came to help. Rwanda was ignored.



Romeo Dallaire has written a very good book describing the UN mission to Rwanda.

It is entitled, "Shake Hands with the Devil".


Dallaire has spent his life with the thought that 800,000 people died in Rwanda while he was the commander of the UN peacekeeping mission.



Cheers,


George


anemone
DONCASTER S. YORKS, UK
top 5
E-9 Cmd Sgt Major


Posts: 5939
http:// 82.44.47.99
Re: Genocide in Rwanda-1994
Posted on: 11/8/2016 10:28:36 AM
Many thanks George for the fulsome reply

An International War Crimes Tribunal has been set up in Arusha, Tanzania, to try leaders of the genocide. However, no death sentences could be given.

The civil war and the genocide only ended when the Tutsi-dominated rebel group, the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), defeated the Hutu regime. Subsequently, President Paul Kegame took control.

After the RPF victory, an estimated two million Hutus fled to Zaire (Democratic Republic of the Congo)

BTW-In the movie "Hotel Rwanda"-Dallaire was played by Nick Nolte

Regards

Jim

---------------
Pro Patria Saepe Pro Rege Semper

George
Centre Hastings, ON, Canada
top 5
E-9 Cmd Sgt Major
Posts: 5283

Re: Genocide in Rwanda-1994
Posted on: 11/8/2016 1:30:01 PM

Quote:
BTW-In the movie "Hotel Rwanda"-Dallaire was played by Nick Nolte


And I thought that he was a terrible choice especially if the true nature of Roméo Dallaire is taken into account.

As well, the character played by Don Cheadle has been criticized by Rwandans because they think that he has been fraudulently portrayed as a hero. There are accusations that his character, Rusesabagina, actually took money from people who sought refugee in his hotel. If you didn't pay up, it was out into the street to be killed.

That's Hollywood.


You should know that Dallaire slammed the movie, calling it "revisionist junk".


Quote:
“I think the only value of ‘Hotel Rwanda’ is the fact that it keeps the Rwandan genocide alive, but as far as content, it's Hollywood,” Dallaire said. “When people use the term Hollywood in a pejorative way, (it’s because) they produce junk like that.”


[Read More]




There was a documentary made also entitled, Shake Hands With the Devil in which Gen. Dallaire returned to Rwanda. It tells a much better story.

And there was also a film version of Shake Hands With the Devil


I was going to add that a number of Rwandans who can be described as being involved in criminal acts somehow managed to make their way to Canada as immigrants.


Cheers,

George




anemone
DONCASTER S. YORKS, UK
top 5
E-9 Cmd Sgt Major


Posts: 5939
http:// 82.44.47.99
Re: Genocide in Rwanda-1994
Posted on: 11/8/2016 1:53:34 PM
Pandora's Box in spades-picking Nolte (a lush-IIRC) to play Dallaire was pretty barbed .

Regards

Jim
---------------
Pro Patria Saepe Pro Rege Semper

wazza
Sydney , Australia
top 25
E-6 Staff Sergeant
Posts: 342

Re: Genocide in Rwanda-1994
Posted on: 11/11/2016 4:31:50 PM
It was because of Rwanda and UN meddling and procrastination, especially with the Australian mission there, that when we went into East Timor, General Cosgrove emphatically told them to fk off and we ran the intervention our way with minimal interference from the UN or for that manner US bureaucracy.
There was still corruption by UN officials on a grand scale, but no UN troops were placed in danger due to constrictive rules of engagement. If militia or Indon' troops pointed weapons in an aggressive manner or fired we could and often did open/return fire.
Australian troops aggressively pursued rogue militia units and hiding across the border was no excuse.
Sadly we have since politically stuffed the East Timorese around, basically oil and gas rights but that's another story.

George
Centre Hastings, ON, Canada
top 5
E-9 Cmd Sgt Major
Posts: 5283

Re: Genocide in Rwanda-1994
Posted on: 11/11/2016 5:28:40 PM
The UN has a history of sending in small numbers of troops who are lightly armed and incapable of even defending themselves if push came to shove.

The same thing happened in 1992 in Sarajevo sector under the command of Canadian Gen. Lewis Mackenzie.

Both sides accused the Canadians of favouring one side or the other. The Canadians were greatly undermanned but Mackenzie had a strong contingent of his own men.

Serbs surrounded the city and were sniping at people in the beautiful city.

UN headquarters was taking fire.

The difference between Mackenzie and Dallaire in Rwanda is that Mackenzie decided to violate the ROE, which said shoot only if someone is shooting directly at you.

Example: He had asked the Muslim militia to move their mortar plates away from UN headquarters to stop the Serbs in the hills from shelling UN headquarters. They refused and Mackenzie sent men at night to correct the situation.

Canadian snipers, operating at night, were able to eliminate Serb snipers.


But it was all for nought. The mission was to provide food to the non-combattants of both sides. Neither side could understand that at all.

In one serious situation, drunken Muslim militia stopped a Canadian convoy carrying food to the Serbs. The warlord ordered his men to kill the Canadians. The Canadian officer asked his men what they wanted to do and they said we'll fight. Each man was assigned a target to take with him.

Fortunately, Lewis Mackenzie ordered a Sarajevo government leader to come with him and he managed to talk the militia down.


Mackenzie was sacked because he went on TV and criticized both sides, suggesting that they were bombing their own citizens just to claim that the other side was committing atrocities. That was too much for the UN.

The Canadians had finished their mission and left with Mackenzie.

3 years later, the world finally sent in troops to stop the fighting in Bosnia and Hertzegovina.


Some of these missions aren't worth taking because the support isn't there.

I know that both Gen. Dallaire and Gen. Mackenzie said that if they tried to contact UN headquarters after 5 PM, there was nobody at work in NY.

One time he managed to get someone who asked Mackenzie where he was. Mackenzie told him and the man said, "where's that?" in reference to Bosnia.


And now we are getting word that Canada wants to send peace keeping troops to parts of Africa, perhaps Mali or South Sudan, at the behest of the UN. Makes me nervous.



Cheers,

George

anemone
DONCASTER S. YORKS, UK
top 5
E-9 Cmd Sgt Major


Posts: 5939
http:// 82.44.47.99
Re: Genocide in Rwanda-1994
Posted on: 11/12/2016 3:37:16 AM
The UN remains weak because the Great Powers keep it that way. These big powers do not dare to give the UN the strength it needs- to let this organisation do it's work efficiently.It is but a toothless tiger and a job for the boys in a world that does not really care-eg Bosnia -where's that??

Source-The Independent

Regards

Jim
---------------
Pro Patria Saepe Pro Rege Semper

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