Day 3 July 3rd, 1863 - Stuart vs.
Stuart, with four brigades (Chambliss,
Hampton, Fitz Lee, and Jenkins),
had arrived to the Gettysburg area on the afternoon of July 2nd.
Lee, charged Stuart with guarding the army's left
and flanking the Union right in the event the infantry captured
The two cavalry forces met three miles east of Gettysburg near
the Rummel farm about noon on July the 3rd. Stuart
deployed his brigades (about 6,300 men) in the woods on Cress
Ridge to the north. Gregg's
Division, along with George Custer's
Brigade (totalling about 4,500 men) was situated along Hanover
road to the south.
The fighting began as skirmishers between the two forces from
both sides exchanged fire. Stuart then sent the 1st
Virginia charging into the Union cavalry. Gregg
then ordered a countercharge by the 7th
that halted the Confederates. Stuart then ordered
most of Hampton's and Fitz Lee's
Brigades into a column to attack Gregg's
position. The Confederate column - extremely vulnerable enroute,
ran headlong into Custer's
The clash of the two forces was spectacular.
The cavalry battle continued with fierce hand-to-hand combat
with neither side gaining the upper hand. Finally, the 3rd
attacked the Confederate column from the east and the forced the
rear portion of the column to retreat from the rest of the body.
Eventually, the Confederates, cutoff and attacked from all sides,
were forced to retreat back to Cress Ridge. The total Confederate
loss numbered about 230 men, while the Union lost about 250.
Neither side lost ground and both would claim victory, but Stuart
was denied access to the Union rear.
Kilpatrick (Farnsworth) vs. Longstreet
During Stuart's battle, BG Judson Kilpatrick
ordered a frontal cavalry assault against Longstreet's heavily
entrenched and fortified right wing near Little Round Top. BG Elon
seeing the futility of such an attack against infantry, protested
strongly against it. Nonetheless, Farnsworth
obeyed his orders and led a disastrous charge against the
Confederate infantry. Farnsworth's
Brigade suffered immensely and he himself was killed, shot five