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Robert C. Daniels Articles
WWII Veteran Interview
Hell Ship - From the Philippines to Japan
Hitler, Germany's Worst General
Failures during the Spanish Civil War
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WWII Veteran Interview
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The Failures at Spion Kop
Combatants in Black Hawk War

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World War II in Mid-America: Experiences from rural mid-America during the Second World War

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Footnotes and Works Cited


[1]. Elmer, Bendiner, The Rise and Fall of Paradise (New York: Barnes and Noble, 1983), 37-40.

[2]. Bernard F. Reilly, The Medieval Spains (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996), 1.

[3]. Ibid., 3-4.

[4]. Ibid., 6.

[5]. Ibid., 8.

[6]. Ibid., 17.

[7]. Bendiner, 30.

[8]. Ibid., 31.

[9]. Ibid.

[10]. Ibid., 31-33.

[11]. Ibid., 33.

[12]. Reilly, 19.

[13]. Helen Nicholson, Medieval Warfare (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004), 46.

[14]. Archer Jones, The Art of War in the Western World (Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2001), 95.

[15]. Reilly, 20-23.

[16]. Bendiner, 32.

[17]. Ibid., 33.

[18]. Ibid., 34.

[19]. Ibid., 32.

[20]. Antonio Santosuosso, Barbarians, Marauders, and Infidels (Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 2004), 118.

[21]. Reilly, 23.

[22]. Santosuosso, 118.

[23]. Reilly, 23.

[24]. Ibid., 49.

[25]. Santosuosso, 119.

[26]. Ibid.

[27]. J.F.C. Fuller, A History of the Western World; Volume 1, from the Earliest Times to the Battle of Lepanto (New York: Da Cape Press, 1954), 340.

[28]. Bendiner, 35.

[29]. Ibid.

[30]. Fuller, 340.

[31]. Ibid.

[32]. Bendiner, 37.

[33]. Ibid.

[34]. Fuller, 340.

[35]. Bendiner, 37.

[36]. Ibid., 36.

[37]. Ibid.

[38]. Reilly, 52.

[39]. Bendiner, 37.

[40]. Fuller, 340.

[41]. Bendiner, 38.

[42]. Ibid.

[43]. Santosuosso, 122.

[44]. Bendiner, 38.

[45]. Santosuosso, 121-122.

[46]. Bendiner, 38.

[47]. Fuller, 340.

[48]. Santosuosso, 122.

[49]. Ibid.

[50]. Bendiner, 38.

[51]. Reilly, 52.

[52]. Bendiner, 39.

[53]. Ibid.

[54]. Ibid.

[55]. Reilly, 53.

[56]. Nicholson, 3.

[57]. Bendiner, 41.

[58]. Ibid.

[59]. Ibid., 40.

[60]. Reilly, 60.

[61]. George Holms, ed., The Oxford Illustrated History of Medieval Europe (New York: Oxford University Press, 1988), 15.

[62]. Jones, 95.

[63]. Nicholson, 138.

[64]. Ibid., 100.

[65]. Ibid., 138.

[66]. Jones, 102.

[67]. Maurice Keen, Medieval Warfare; A History (New York: Oxford University Press, 1999), 192.

[68]. Santosuosso, 119.

[69]. Pedro Chalmeta, Invasión e Islamización, (Madrid, 1994), 72; quoted in Antonio Santosuosso, Barbarians, Marauders, and Infidels (Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 2004), 118.

[70]. Holms, 15.

Works Cited

Bendiner, Elmer. The Rise and Fall of Paradise. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1983.

Chalmeta, Pedro. Invasión e Islamización. Madrid, 1994, 72. Quoted in Antonio Santosuosso, Barbarians, Marauders, and Infidels, 118, n. 25. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 2004.

Fuller, J.F.C. A History of the Western World; Volume 1, from the Earliest Times to the Battle of Lepanto. New York: Da Cape Press, 1954.

Holms, George, ed. The Oxford Illustrated History of Medieval Europe. New York: Oxford University Press, 1988.

Jones, Archer. The Art of War in the Western World. Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2001.

Keen, Maurice. Medieval Warfare; A History. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Nicholson, Helen. Medieval Warfare. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.

Reilly, Bernard F. The Medieval Spains. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Santosuosso, Antonio. Barbarians, Marauders, and Infidels. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 2004.

* * *

Copyright © 2007 Robert C. Daniels.

Written by Robert C. Daniels. If you have questions or comments on this article, please contact Robert Daniels at:

About the author:
Robert Daniels, after retiring from the U.S. Navy as a Chief Petty Officer, received his AA from Tidewater Community College, Virginia Beach, VA, his BA in History from Old Dominion University (ODU), Norfolk, VA, and his MA in Military Studies, Land Warfare from the American Military University (AMU), Manassas Park, VA. He has also written and published two books telling the exploits of both WWII era veterans and civilians: 1220 Days and World War II in Mid-America. Excerpts of these books, as well as access to order autographed copies of them, a short author bio, and info on his current writing projects can be viewed on his web page at He currently teaches adjunct U.S. and Western Civilization History at Tidewater Community College in Virginia Beach, VA, when not managing a U.S. Coast Guard schoolhouse.

Published online: 4/14/2007.

* Views expressed by contributors are their own and do not necessarily represent those of MHO.
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