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Recommended Reading


The Patton Papers, 1885-1940


The Patton Papers, 1940-1945


The Supreme Commander

Two General Apart: Patton and Eisenhower
Two General Apart: Patton and Eisenhower
by Andrew S. Harding

Footnotes

[1] Patton, George S. Jr. edited by Blumenson, Martin. Patton Papers 1885-1940 Vol. 1. And 1940-45 Vol. II (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company 1972/1974) Eisenhower, Dwight D. The Papers of Dwight David Eisenhower: The War Years: II (Baltimore: The John Hopkins Press 1970)
[2] Bradley, Omar. A General's Life . (New York: Simon and Schuster 1983)
[3] William Wilson. "Jimmy Doolittle Reminiscences" . American History Journal Jul/Aug 1997 As reproduced in Academic Search Elite.
[4] Eisenhower, John D.S. General IKE: A Personal Reminiscence. (New York: Free Press 2003) Farago, Ladislas. The Last Days of Patton . (New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company 1987)
[5] Farago, Ladislas. The Last Days of Patton . (New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company 1987) 167
[6] Eisenhower, Dwight. At Ease: Stories I tell My Friends . (New York: Doubleday and Company, INC 1967) 169
[7] Perret, Geoffey. Eisenhower (New York: Random House 1999) 79. It also states that Bea [Patton's wife] and Mamie [Eisenhower's wife] did not get along as did the two men. Because Bea was a rich woman from Boston and Mamie was an average woman from Denver. See D'Este, Carlo. Patton: Genius for War. (New York; 1995) 291-292
[8] Eisenhower, Dwight. At Ease . 169
[9] Blumenson, Martin. editor Patton Papers 1885-1940 Vol. 1. (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company 1972) 705
[10] Eisenhower, John D.S. General IKE: A Personal Reminiscence . (New York: Free Press 2003) 3
[11] Farago, 165
[12] Farago, 165
[13] Patton Papers Vol. I pg. 968. This came from Patton's Military Chronology, it is unknown how Patton was wounded in combat, no sources give any detailed information.
[14] John Eisenhower. 5
[15] Patton Papers Vol. 1 801. The attachment of Patton's work is not present. Later on in Patton's life this is going to play a big role, which Patton wants to be the one making all the decisions in warfare. He does not want officers below or above him telling him how to run his unit. This person from above will be Eisenhower and he will force Patton to do what he wants.
[16] Patton Papers, Vol. 1 802. It was well known that Patton made many grammar mistakes in his diary and cables. In this cable, it should say "not" instead of saying "nor". Emphasis on EXECUTION and PLANS was made by Patton not Blumenson
[17] Farago, 166. This is also found in John Eisenhower's book on page 47
[18] The Empire of Japan attacked the United States Navy base Pearl Harbor, 7 December 1942, that almost wiped out most of the Pacific fleet of the U.S. This brought the United States into the WWII. The Doolittle Raids occurred right after the bombing of Pearl Harbor. The raids were, the most daring operation yet undertaken by the United States in the young Pacific War. The raids would occur on April 18, 1942 in Tokyo, Japan early in that morning.
[19] William Wilson. "Jimmy Doolittle Reminiscences". American History Journal Jul/Aug 1997. Pages not given. By way of Academic Search Elite. There where no footnotes or endnotes with this publication
[20] William Wilson. Cable sent from Eisenhower to Marshall and Marshall's reply back to Eisenhower
[21] Orr, Kelly. Meeting the Fox: The Allied Invasion of Africa from Operation Torch to Kasserine Pass to Victory in Tunisia. (New York: John Wiley and Sons, INC. 2002) 265
[22] Orr, Kelly. 265
[23] Patton Papers Vol. II 182
[24] Patton Papers Vol. II. 194-1985
[25] Orr, Kelly. 265
[26] Bradley, Omar. A General's Life . (New York: Simon and Schuster 1983) 147. Ambrose, Stephan The Supreme Commander: The War Years of General Dwight D. Eisenhower page 181.
[27] Ambrose, Stephen. The Supreme Commander: The War Years of General Dwight D. Eisenhower. (New York: Doubleday and Company 1970) 181 by way of the Farago, Patton pg. 253.
[28] Bradley, Omar. 148. At the bottom of this paragraph Patton said; "It is noteworthy that had I done what Coningham did, I would had been relieved." Patton Papers Vol. 2 (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company 1974) 88
[29] Ambrose, 182. Supreme Commander Eisenhower to Patton, March 6, 1943. Eisenhower papers. No. 865
[30] Fargo, Patton. 256-59
[31] Bradley, 148. This was the view of Bradley and the "us" in that last sentence refers to both Patton and Bradley.
[32] Eisenhower, John 51. Patton Papers Vol. 2 82
[33] The mission is unknown, but Patton describes that the 34th Division disaster because Lieutenant General Sir J.T. Crocker (dates cannot be found) left both flanks open and allowed the Germans to come in and attack. Patton Papers Vol. II 218
[34] Bradley, 151. Also located in Both Eisenhower papers II, pg. 1089 and the Patton Papers Vol. II pg. 218
[35] Bradley, 151. It was very well known how much Patton talked to other people about Eisenhower and how he felt about him. However, Bradley felt that was more for him and his close personal friends to share these thoughts with. Many of times this person was Patton because they both agreed on their feelings for Eisenhower.
[36] Bradley, 152. Patton Papers Vol. II pg. 220
[37] Appendix B for map of Sicily
[38] Patton and Montgomery have a huge dislike of each other, this goes back to both of them wanting the spot light and all the attention around themselves. Then to top off the situation, Patton feels that Montgomery is using the "Strong British Allied" in Eisenhower to get what he wants.
[39] Ambrose, Steven. The Victors: Eisenhower and his Boys: The Men of World War II. (New York: Simon and Schuster 1998) 232. Ambrose does not give footnotes or endnotes in this book.
[40] Ambrose. The Victors 233
[41] Ethier, Eric. Patton Races To Messina. American History Journal. Vol. 36 April 2001. There are no Footnotes or endnotes in this article. Article reproduced by Academic Search Elite.
[42] Bradley, 188. Patton Papers 285-89
[43] Ethier, Eric. Last sentence of the sixth paragraph…
[44] Bradley, 193. Found in the footnote at the bottom. Patton Papers Vol. II 227-83
[45] Bradley, 188
[46] Bradley. 188-193
[47] Hirshson, Stanley. General Patton: A Soldiers Story (New York: Harper Collins Publisher 2002) 404. See: Hughes Diary, Sept. 2, 1943. Official Army Register, January 1, 1944. (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1944), 9.170
[48] Bradley, 184-85. Patton Papers Vol. II pg. 227-83…Harry Butcher 358-61 This also appears in Hirshson, 368-70
[49] Hirshson, 370
[50] Eisenhower, John. 54
[51] "On July 11, 1943, the remaining Battalions of the 504th PIR were dropped in the vicinity of Gela with heavy losses from both the German and Allied (friendly fire) antiaircraft fire. Despite the heavy losses the division was moved up to the front by motor and reinforced by the 39th Infantry Division on July 12, 1943. The crossings of Fiume delle Canno were secured on July 18, 1943 and the division pushed along the coastal highway, seizing the Marsala-Trapani area of Sicily's western coast by July 23rd" http://history1900s.about.com/gi/dynamic/offsite.htm?site=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.geocities.com%2F%7Ethe504thpir%2Fdivision%2F82_overview.html
[52] Bradley 186. Eisenhower Papers Vol. II pg. 1011, 1255
[53] Bradley, 186. Patton Papers Vol. II 285-89
[54] D'Este, Carlo. Patton: A Genius for War. (New York: Harper Collins Publisher 1995) 533
[55] D'Este, Carlo. 534
[56] D'Este. 534
[57] Eisenhower, J. 55
[58] D'Este. 535
[59] D'Este. 535.
[60] Eisenhower, J. 55
[61] Eisenhower, David. Eisenhower at War: 1943-45 (New York: Random House 1986) 57
[62] Eisenhower Papers, #1190. Eisenhower letter to Patton on Aug. 17, 1943. Appendix A
[63] Ambrose, 230…Eisenhower Papers, #1190
[64] Eisenhower, J. 56… Eisenhower, Dwight to Marshall in the Crusades of Europe pg. 181. Look in Appendix A for the entire cable that Eisenhower sent to Patton on August 17, 1943.
[65] D'Este, 540…Butcher's diary , August 21, 1943.
[66] Ambrose, 232
[67] Essame, H. Patton: A Study in Command. (New York: Charles Scribner's Son 1974) 104-05
[68] D'Este, 541… Bradley Commentaries
[69] Ambrose, Steven. D-Day: June 6, 1944. The Climatic Battle of World War II (New York: Touchstone Book. 1994) 82
[70] Ambrose, Steven. "Eisenhower and the Intelligence Community of WWII ". Journal of Contemporary History. Vol. 16 pg. 160. Article reproduced by JSTOR
[71] Ambrose, Steven. "Eisenhower and the Intelligence." 161
[72] Bradley. 219
[73] The Germans had not heard of Bradley all that much during the course of the war, because Bradley had been under Patton's command for most of the war. This was the first time that Bradley had led a whole unit. Thus, since he had been in the background, it was harder for the Nazis to know much about Bradley.
[74] Eisenhower, J. 58
[75] Farago, 29… For more information, look at Eisenhower's, J. 58-59 along with Cave Brown, Anthony Bodyguard of Lies. (New York: Harper and Row Publisher. 1975) 476-78
[76] Blumenson, M. Patton Man Behind the Legend. 221
[77] Bradley, 222
[78] Eisenhower, J. 58-60. Ambrose, Supreme Commander . 342-345
[79] Cave Brown, Anthony. Bodyguards of Lies . 477… Eisenhower Papers Vol. II on April 28, 1944
[80] Ambrose, 343…In a letter from Marshall to Eisenhower. April 29, 1944, Eisenhower Papers No. 1657
[81] Cave Brown, 477. Patton's Response to Eisenhower. Reported in Farago, Patton 421-22
[82] Cave-Brown, 478
[83] Perret, Eisenhower 271
[84] Bradley, 222
[85] Patton Papers Vol. II 554
[86] Bradley, 202. Eisenhower to Marshall on August 24, 1943 Eisenhower Papers Vol. II # 1271
[87] Perret, 272…Bradley's Soldier's Story 231
[88] Ambrose, Supreme Commander 298
[89] Ambrose, Supreme Commander 299…Eisenhower to Marshall Eisenhower Papers Vol. II #1271
[90] Bradley, 221. Patton Papers Vol. II 227-83. Eisenhower Papers II 1011, 1255
[91] Bradley, 221. Patton Papers Vol. II 227-83. This was written in a letter to his wife, Bea.
[92] Farago, 207. Patton was one of the first persons in the public eye to come out and say this; however, many of the people in our nation felt this way. Patton many times said what others wanted to say, this goes back to how he did not know how to control his tongue.
[93] Blumenson, Patton Man Behind … 256
[94] Eisenhower, J. 43
[95] Wilson, W. The Jimmy Doolittle piece had no pages or footnotes given in this piece.
[96] Wallace, Brenton. Patton and his Third Army . (Washington DC: Military Service Publishing Company 1946) 205-6 It is not known when Eisenhower said this statement, it was said just shortly after Patton's death
[97] Hirshson, 679
[98] Hirshson, 679
[99] Eisenhower, J. 73
 
Bibliography

Primary:
Bradley, Omar. A General's Life: An Autobiography by General of the Army: Omar Bradley . New York: Simon and Schuster 1983
Eisenhower, Dwight D. The Papers of Dwight David Eisenhower: The War Years: II Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins Press 1970
Eisenhower, Dwight D. At Ease: Stories I tell to friends . New York: Doubleday and Company 1967
Patton, George S. Jr., Edited by Blumenson, Martin. The Patton Papers Volume. 1 , 1885-1940. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin Company 1972
Patton, George S. Jr., Edited by Blumenson, Martin. The Patton Papers Volume. II , 1940-1945.
Boston: Houghton, Mifflin Company 1974

Secondary:
Steve Ambrose. "Eisenhower and the Intelligence Community in World War II." Journal of Contemporary History. Volume. 16 (1981) 153-166. Reproduced by JSTOR

Ambrose, Stephen. D-Day June 6, 1944: The Climactic Battle of World War II . New York: Touchstone 1994

Ambrose, Stephen. The Supreme Commander: The War Years of General Dwight D. Eisenhower . New York: Doubleday and Company 1970

Ambrose, Stephen. The Victors: Eisenhower and His Boys: The Men of World War II . New York: Simon and Schuster 1998

Blumenson, Martin. Patton: The Man behind the Legend, 1885-1945 . New York: William and Company. INC. 1985

Cave Brown, Anthony. Bodyguard of Lies . New York, Evanston, San Francisco, and London: Harper & Row, Publishers, 1975

D'Este, Carlo. Patton: A Genius for War . New York: HarperCollinsPublisher 1995

Eisenhower, John. General IKE: A Personal Reminiscence . New York: FreePress, 2003

Eric Ethier. "Patton Races to Messina" American History Journal Volume. 36 (April of 2001) Reproduced by Academic Search Elite

Farago, Ladislas. The Last Days of Patton . New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company 1981

Hirshson, Stanley. General Patton: A Soldiers Life . New York: HarperCollins Publishers 2002

Kelly, Orr. Meeting the Fox: The Allied Invasion of Africa, from Operations Torch To Kasserine Pass to Victory in Tunisia . New York: John Wiley and Sons, INC., 2002

Perret, Geoffery. Eisenhower . New York: Random House, 1999

Wallace, Brenton. Patton and His Third Army . Washington DC: Military Service Publishing Company 1946

William Wilson. "Jimmy Doolittle: Reminiscences." American History Journal . Volume. 32 (July/Aug. 1997) Reproduced by Academic Search Elite
Appendix A

Eisenhower's letter to Patton; involving the Slap Dear General Patton: August 17, 1943

This personal and secret letter will be delivered in you by General Blesse, Chief Surgeon, Allied Headquarters, who is coming to Sicily in connection with matters involving health of the command.

I am attaching a report which is shocking in its allegations against your personal conduct. I hope you can assure me that none of them is true, but the detailed circumstances communicated to me leads to the belief that some ground for the charge must exist. I am well aware of the necessity for hardness and toughness on the battlefield. I clearly understand the firm and drastic measures are at times necessary in order to secure desired objectives. But this does not excuse brutality, abuse of the sick, nor exhibition of uncontrollable temper in front of subordinates.

In the two cases cited in the attached report, it is not my present intention to institute any formal investigation. Moreover, it is acutely distressing to me to have such charges as those made against you at this very moment when an American Army under your leadership has attained a success of which I am extremely proud. I feel that the personal services you have rendered the United States and the Allied cause during the past weeks are of incalculable value; but nevertheless if there is a very considerable element of truth ion the allegation accompanying this letter, I must so seriously question your good judgment and your self-discipline as to raise serious doubt in my mind as to your future usefulness. I am assuming, for the moment, that the facts in the case are far less serious than appears in this report, and that whatever truth is contained in these allegations represents an act of yours when, under the stress and strain of winning a victory, you were thoughtless rather than harsh. Your leadership of the past few weeks has, in my opinion, fully vindicated to the War Department and to all your associated in arms my own persistence in upholding your instant and serious consideration to the end that no incident of this character can be reported to me in the future, and I may continue to count upon your assistance in military tasks.

In Allied Headquarters there is no record of the attached report or of my letter to you, except in my own secret files. I will expect your answer to be sent to me personally and secretly. Moreover, I strongly advise that, provided there is any semblance of truth in the allegations in the accompanying report, you make, in the form of apology or otherwise, such personal amends to the individual concerned as may be within your power, and that you do this before submitting your letter to me.

No letter that I have been called upon to write in my military career has caused me the mental anguish of this one, not only because of my long and deep personal friendship for you but because of my admiration for your military qualities; but I assure you that conduct such as described in the accompanying report will not be tolerated in this theater no matter who the offender may be.

Sincerely,

Eisenhower Mss., Cable File
Written by Andrew S. Harding ASHarding@manchester.edu
Copyright © 2004 Andrew S. Harding 

Andrew Harding is a American History major at Manchester College in North Manchester, IN. Two General's Apart is his Senior Thesis submitted to the History faculty at Manchester to receive his Bachelor of Sciences degree. You can contact Andrew at ASHarding@manchester.edu
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