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 (Lieut. Col. and Ass't. Med. Purveyor Bvt. Col). Born in Ireland, June 28, 1830. Retiring year 1894. Appointed from New York-Civil Life. Actual rank-Ass't Surg. August 28, 1856; accepted November 7, 1856; Captain and Ass't. Surgeon August 28, 1861; Major and Surgeon September 16, 1862; Lieut. Col. and Ass't. Med. Purveyor September 16, 1885. Brevet Rank-Bvt. Lieut. Col. and Col. U.S.A. for faithful and meriterious services during the war. Honorably mentioned- In an engagement with Chiricahua Indians near Apache Pass, Ariz., February 1861, and complimented in Department General Orders for distinguished services on that occasion:
 Field Of Shiloh, April 12, 1862.
 Col. J.B. FRY, Ass't. Adjt. Gen'l., Chief of Staff.
 Sir: I desire to call the especial attention of the general commanding this Army to the admiral hospital accommodations adopted by Dr. Irwin, U.S.A., Medical Inspector of the Division, during the battle of the 7th inst. They will be found as nearly perfect as the circumstances would allow. The wounded in the Division did not suffer from the inclement weather; they were all promptly sheltered and cared for. I beg to recommend Dr. Irwin to the favorable consideration of his superiors.
 Very respectfully,
 (signed) W. Nelson, Brigadier-General.
 Honorably mentioned in "Records of the rebellion," Vol. X. Series I, part I, pp. 325-326;
 Vol. XVI p. 915:-
 General Orders No. 21.
 In compliance with Paragraph 2, Special Orders No. 233, current series, Headquarters of the Army, Adjutant-General's office, Lieutenant Colonel Bernard J.D. Irwin, Assistant Medical Purveyor, is relieved from duty as Medical Director of this department.
 In relieving Lieutenant Colonel Irwin the department Commander is pleased to recognize the able and satisfactory performances of his duties as Medical Director, and congratulates him on his deserved promotion.
 By order of Brigadier General Crook.
 Major 14th Infantry, Acting Assistant Adjutant General.
 Service-Acting Assistant Surgeon, 1855; Fort Columbus, Corpus Chrisit, Texas; in New Mexico and Arizona to October, 1861; served with expeditions against hostile Navajoe and Apache Indians; Post Surgeon Fort Union, N.M., from Jan. to May, 1856; Post Surgeon, Fort Defiance, N.M., May 1856 to Dec. 1857; Post Surgeon Fort Buchanan, Dec. 1857 to Aug. 1861; in the field Feb. 1861; accompanied troops evacuating Arizona to New Mexico; Post Surgeon Fort Craig, N.M.; with troops en route from Fort Union, N.M. to Fort Leavenworth, Kans., Sept. 1861; Post Surgeon Jefferson Barracks, Mo., Nov. 1861; Med. Director, Dept. of W. Va., Dec. 1861; order rescinded and assigned to Army of the Ohio; Med. Director, Gen. Boyle's Brigade, Jan. 1862; Div. Med. Inspector 4th Div.-Nelson's-March, 1862; Med. Director, Army of Kentucky, 1862; Med. Director Army of the Southwest Oct. 1862; with White River expedition, co-operating in the capture of Fort Hindman, Ark., Jan. 1863; organizing Army General Hospitals St. Louis, Mo., Feb. 1863; Superintendent U.S. Army General Hospitals-ten hospitals, with 4,600 beds-Memphis, Tenn., March 1863 to July1865, during which some 60,000 sick and wounded soldiers were successfully provided for in those hospitals; Executive officer to and Acting Asst. Surgeon General U.S. Army, Louisville, Ky., Aug. 1865; Attending Surgeon St. Louis, Mo., Oct. 1865; Post Surgeon Fort Riley, Kans., March 1866 to Aug. 1866; Post Surgeon Fort Leavenworth, Kans., Aug. 1866 to July 1867; Post Surgeon Fort Riley, Kan., July 1867 to Sept. 1867; Post Surgeon Fort Wayne, Mich., Seot. 1867 to April 1871; Post Surgeon Fort Riley, Kan., May 1871 to Oct. 1873; Post Surgeon U.S. Mil. Acad., West Point, N.Y., Oct. 1873 to Sept. 1878; on leave of absence in Europe, Sept. 1878 to Sept. 1879, during which visited Germany, Austria, Hungary, Italy, switzerland, France, Belgium and Great Britian; in Dept. of Dakota Oct. 1879; Post Surgeon, Fort Meade, Dak., Oct. 1879 to June 1880; Act. Med. Director, Dept. of Dak. July to Aug. 1880; Post Surgeon, Fort Snelling, Minn., Aug. 1880; Attending Surgeon, Headquarters Military Division of Missouri, Chicago, Ill., Sept. 1880 to Oct. 1882; Medical Director Department of Arizona Oct. 1882 to Oct. 1885. In charge of Army Medical Purveying Depot, New York City, Oct. 1885 to Dec. 1886; in charge of Army Medical Purveying Depot, San Francisco, Cal., Dec. 1886 to--Battles, Skirmishes, etc.-Commanded detachment from Companies C and H, 7th U.S. Inf., in an engagement with Chiricahua Indians near Apache Pass, Arizona, Feb. 1861; present at battle of Shiloh, Tenn., April 6 and 7, 1862, and specially commended for distinguished services on the field; present at Siege of Cornith, Miss.; campaign in North Alabama and Middle Tennessee; participated in battle of Richmond, Ky., Aug. 31, 1862, on which occasion was taken prisoner.
 History-Companion of the Military Order Loyal Legion U.S., New York Commandery, Dec., 1867; member of the Society of the Army of the Cumberland, 1868; member of the Society of the Army of the Tennessee, 1868; companion of Detroit Commandery, Knights Templar, 1869.

Written by Arnold Franks
Copyright © 2000 Arnold Franks

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