|44th Alabama Infantry (CSA) |
|Name: James Pickett||Rank: Private ||Company: H |
Enlisted: March 10, 1863 at Shelby Co., AL, by T. L. Morrow
Where Captured: North Anna, VA
When captured: May 23 1864
Prisoner of War at Point Lookout, Md.
Date of arrival from Port Royal, Va.: May 30, 1864.
Register of Deaths: Prisoner's Hospital Barracks #3, Elmira, N. Y.
Where captured: Gaines Farms; When captured: June 3, 1864
Died: September 2, 1864 - Chronic Diarrhoea
Buried: Woodland National Cemetery, Elmira, N. Y. - Grave #86
Died while in military prison.
The Forty-fourth regiment was organized at Selma in May 1862.
The 1st of July found it in Richmond, brigaded with one
Mississippi and two North Carolina regiments under Gen. A. R.
Wright. In 1862 the Fourth Alabama was added, and in January,
1864, upon reorganization, the North Carolina commands were
replaced by the Fifteenth, Forty-seventh and Forty-eighth
Alabama, under General Law, who remained in command until
January, 1865, when Colonel Perry was made the brigade
Camp diseases played havoc with the regiment, and with greatly
thinned ranks it went into its first battle at Second Bull Run,
August 30, 1862, and lost two of its captains, T. C. Daniel and
William T. King. It took part at Harper's Ferry,September 15th
Sharpsburg, September 17th, where it suffered severely, losing
nearly two-thirds of its effective force; Fredericksburg,
December 13th, and Suffolk, December 28th; and, transferred to
Law's brigade, it wintered on the Rappahannock.
In the Suffolk, Va., campaign, companies A and B were captured
at Hill's Point, April 18, 1864. At the battle of Gettysburg
the regiment captured the first guns taken by the Confederates.
It was sent with Longstreet's corps to the army of the West in
time to take a prominent part in the battle of Chickamauga,
September 19th and 20th where again its loss was heavy. It
fought at Lookout creek, October 28th, and at Knoxville,
November 17th; again at Dandridge, January 16 and 17 1864.
The regiment was sent back to Virginia in time for the battle
of the Wilderness, May 5th and 6th; and was at Spottsylvania,
May 7th to 12th, where its casualties were great; also at
Hanover Junction, Second Cold Harbor, June 1st to 12th; and
Bermuda Hundreds, June 2d to 10th.
It was in the trenches around Petersburg until the final scene
Capts. T. C. Daniel and William T. King were killed at Second
Bull Run; Capts. D. A. Bozeman and John H. Neilson, at
Spottsylvania; Capt. Joab Goodson died in the service, as did
Capt. Patrick P. Riddle.
Capts. John M. Teague and William T. Dunkllin were killed at
Gettysburg; Capt. John D. Adrian was wounded at the Wilderness
and killed at Chaffin's Bluff; Capts. Wm. N. Greene and Joseph
T. Johnston were wounded at Chickamauga.
The field officers were Cols. Charles A. Derby, killed at
Sharpsburg; William F. Perry, who was made a brigadier, and
John A. Jones; Lieut.-Col. George W. Cary, wounded near
Richmond, and Maj. A. W. Denmark.
Source: Confederate Military History, vol. VIII, p. 192
Gettysburg after battle report:
Report of Col. William F. Perry, Forty-fourth Alabama Infantry.
Near Fredericksburg, Va.,
August 8, 1863.
Sir: I have the honor to submit the following report of the part
taken by the regiment under my command in the battle of Gettysburg,
Pa., on July 2:
It occupied the place of the second battalion in the line formed by
the brigade on the heights, which ran parallel with and fronting
the enemy's position. Having advanced with the brigade down the
long slope and through the intervening meadow, it was detached from
its place in the line, by order of Gen. Law, and by a flank movement
was brought to the extreme left of the brigade.
When at a short distance from the stone fence near the base of the
mountain, Gen. Law informed me that he expected my regiment
to take a battery which had been playing on our line from the moment
the advance began. This battery was situated, not on the
mountain itself, but on a rugged cliff which formed the abrupt termination
of a ridge that proceeded from the mountain, and ran in a
direction somewhat parallel with it, leaving a valley destitute of
trees and filled with immense boulders between them. This valley,
not more than 300 paces in breadth, and the cliff on which their artillery
was stationed, were occupied by two regiments of the enemy's
The direction of the regiment after crossing the stone fence was
such that a march to the front would have carried it to the right of
the enemy's position. It was, therefore, wheeled to the left, so as to
confront that position, its left opposite the battery, and its right
extending toward the base of the mountain. This movement was
executed under fire, and within 200 yards of the enemy. The forward
movement was immediately ordered, and was responded to with an
alacrity and courage seldom, if ever, excelled on the battle-field. As
the men emerged from the forest into the valley before mentioned,
they received a deadly volley at short range, which in a few seconds
killed or disabled one-fourth their number. Halting without an
order from me, and availing themselves of the shelter which the
rocks afforded, they returned the fire. Such was their extreme
exhaustion--having marched without interruption 24 miles to reach
the battle-field, and advanced at a double-quick step fully a mile to
engage the enemy--that I hesitated for an instant to order them immediately
forward. Perceiving very soon, however, that the enemy
were giving way, I rushed forward, shouting to them to advance.
It was with the greatest difficulty that I could make myself heard
or understood above the din of battle. The order was, however,
extended along the line, and was promptly obeyed. The men sprang
forward over the rocks, swept the position, and took possession of
the heights, capturing 40 or 50 prisoners around the battery and
among the cliffs.
Meanwhile the enemy had put a battery in position on a terrace of
the mountain to our right, which opened upon us an enfilading fire of
grape and spherical case shot. A sharp fire of small-arms was also
opened from the same direction. This was not destructive, however,
owing to the protection afforded by the rocks. Soon the enemy appeared
moving down upon our front in heavy force. At this critical
moment, Gen. Benning's brigade of Georgians advanced gallantly
into action. His extreme right, lapping upon my left, swarmed over
the cliffs and mingled with my men. It was now past 5 p. m. The
conflict continued to rage with great fury until dark. Again and
again the enemy in great force attempted to dislodge us from the position
and retake the battery, in each case with signal failure and
Lieut.-Col. [John A.] Jones, Maj. [George W.] Cary,
and Lieut. [W. P.] Becker, acting adjutant, behaved with great
coolness and courage. I abstain from mentioning by name others
who deserve special commendation, because the list would be so long
as to confer little distinction on any single individual, and because
injustice might be done to others, whose good conduct escaped my
The regiment lost: Killed, 24; wounded, 66; missing, 4.
I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
WILLIAM F. PERRY,
Henry S. Figures,
Acting Assistant Adjutant-Gen., Law's Brigade.
Source: Official Records: Series I. Vol. 27. Part II. Reports. Serial No. 44
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