Day 1: July 1, 1863 - Rodes Arrives
failed attack, Rodes' division approached Gettysburg from the
northeast along Harrisburg Road. Early's division shortly
followed behind Rodes. Upon nearing Gettysburg, Rodes
headed southwest towards Oak Ridge where he observed
brigade preparing for an attack from Heth. Approaching
unhindered, Rodes placed 16 guns of LtC Thomas
artillery battalion upon Oak Hill and commenced to shell
brigade to position north against Rodes' approaching division.
XI Corps had begun to arrive from the south and started deploying to the east.
Rodes, sensing his advantage evaporate, decided to immediately
attack. Unfortunately, the attack was poorly coordinated and ran into problems.
Iverson's and O'Neal's brigades were ordered to
advance along Oak Ridge and attack
newly acquired position. Instead, Iverson delayed the attack
so that the artillery atop Oak Hill could inflict more damage upon
left O'Neal in front alone and approaching
was positioned behind a stone wall along Mummasburg Road.
short work of O'Neal and inflicted over 40% casualties (both
O'Neal and Iverson themselves amazingly did not
accompany their brigades). Iverson now followed along the
western slope of Oak Ridge (on what would've been to O'Neal's
right). Now that O'Neal had retreated, Iverson's left
flank was completely exposed. With O'Neal out of the way,
was able to shift its complete attention to Iverson. Iverson's
brigade marched blindly into
awaiting brigade with devastating results. An amazing 70% of the brigade were
either captured or became casualties. These two Rodes'
brigades had effectively been destroyed.
Rodes then ordered Daniel and Ramseur
into the battle. Daniel
planned to march southward along the western slope of the ridge, out of range
brigades and swing around to attack
left flank. But, as it approached Chambersburg Pike, it encountered
brigade which had been positioned along the railroad cut. Despite heavy
casualties on both sides,
to hold the cut. Ramseur on the other hand, marched along Iverson's
previous route following Oak Ridge. By this time,
position at Mummasburg Road with
brigade. This time, Ramseur attacked
until they ran low on ammunition and slowly forced to retreat with heavy
The remaining stretched in anticipation of Early's soon
arrival. Sensing a good vantage point, part of Doles
' brigade attempted to occupy a small knoll to the west of Harrisburg Road.
also eyed this knoll and sent
Van Gilsa forward
to extend the Union right flank. In order to compensate for
advance position, Schurz
forward to align with Van
had barely positioned their divisions when Early's division
approached from the northeast along Harrisburg Road. BG Gordon's
brigade led the attack and charged
Van Gilsa while BG
Hays and Col Avery attacked
forward position was exposed and could not be held (in fact, his men began
running as soon as Gordon attacked). Doles,
seizing on the opportunity, attacked
Schurz and soon both Union divisions were sent
retreating towards town.