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Battle of Gettysburg: Casualties
Gettysburg - Casualties

Many different estimates exist on the number of casualties inflicted during the battle of Gettysburg, but one common estimate is as follows:


  Killed Wounded Missing Total % of Total
Union 3,155 14,530 5,365 23,040 27%
Confederate 2,600-4,500 12,800 5,250 20,650-25,000* 30%-34%

* Total Confederate casualties have been estimated to be as great as 28,000. It is usually agreed that total Confederate casualties numbered at least 1/3 of Lee's army.

** Casualties generally included anyone who deserted, was captured, missing, wounded, or killed. In essence
, if a soldier was not present during muster, he could likely be counted as a casualty.

The following casualties are based on official losses (Union) and official and estimated losses (Confederate) for the 3-day battle:

Union Casualties by Corps

I Corps   II Corps III Corps V Corps VI Corps
6,060 4,370 4,210 2,190 240
XI Corps XII Corps Cavalry Corps Artillery Corps
3,800 1,080 850 240

Confederate Casualties by Corps

I Corps II Corps III Corps Cavalry Division  
7,575 5,935 6,935 240

After the battle, Lee retreated west and southwest through Hagerstown, Maryland and into Virginia. Imboden's wagon train, composing of wagons and ambulances, stretched for over 17 miles. Meade considered pursuit, but determined that the defensive nature of the Appalachian passes prohibited full pursuit. Meade did harass Lee's retreat - which resulted in minor skirmishes and capture of various Confederate units, but full pursuit did not materialize. Meade's decision not to pursue Lee angered Lincoln, who expected a decisive victory. Also, the lack of vigorous pursuit showed Meade as being too cautious.

Lee, hurting from Gettysburg, was forced to return to Virginia. But, the war was far from over and lasted another 2 years.

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Copyright © 2007 Brian Williams.

Last Modified: 02/10/2007.
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